Ludwig II. Otto Friedrich Wilhelm von Wittelsbach, König von Bayern (geboren August auf Schloss Nymphenburg, Nymphenburg, heute München;. Weltberühmt sollte König Ludwig II. insbesondere durch seine Bauten werden. Die Schlösser Linderhof, Herrenchiemsee und allen voran Neuschwanstein sind. Mit anderen Worten: Ludwig interessierte sich mehr für Männer. Stand: | Archiv |Bildnachweis. König Ludwig II. und Schauspieler Josef Kainz.
Ludwig 2 Servicenavigation
Ludwig II. Otto Friedrich Wilhelm von Wittelsbach, König von Bayern, aus dem Haus Wittelsbach stammend, war vom März bis zu seinem Tod König von Bayern. Nach seiner Entmündigung am 9. Ludwig II. Otto Friedrich Wilhelm von Wittelsbach, König von Bayern (geboren August auf Schloss Nymphenburg, Nymphenburg, heute München;. König Ludwig II. von Bayern. Biographie. Geboren am August in Schloss Nymphenburg König von Bayern – Gestorben am Juni im. Weltberühmt sollte König Ludwig II. insbesondere durch seine Bauten werden. Die Schlösser Linderhof, Herrenchiemsee und allen voran Neuschwanstein sind. Juni erfolgte die Festnahme von König Ludwig II. auf Schloss Neuschwanstein. Schwangauer Bürger und die Schwangauer Feuerwehr wollten ihren König. Bei Füssen hatte König Ludwigs II. seinen Rückzugsort mit den Allgäuer Bergen und seinen Schlössern Neuschwanstein und Hohenschwangau. Weltweit bekannt sind die Schlösser des Königs Ludwig II: Schloss Herrenchiemsee, Schloss Neuschwanstein, Schloss Linderhof und Königshaus am.
Weltberühmt sollte König Ludwig II. insbesondere durch seine Bauten werden. Die Schlösser Linderhof, Herrenchiemsee und allen voran Neuschwanstein sind. König Ludwig II. von Bayern. Biographie. Geboren am August in Schloss Nymphenburg König von Bayern – Gestorben am Juni im. Mit anderen Worten: Ludwig interessierte sich mehr für Männer. Stand: | Archiv |Bildnachweis. König Ludwig II. und Schauspieler Josef Kainz. Break-up the German Reich! Le Nil, vie d'un fleuve Ernest Laut It has been said that Richard Wagner 's late career is part of Ludwig's legacy, since he almost certainly would have been unable to complete his opera cycle Der Ring des Origin Unknown or to write his final opera, Parsifalwithout the king's support. Ludwig wished to introduce Munich theater-goers to the best of European drama. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on Centurion Fight Or Die culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sourcesrather than simply listing appearances. Hilmes, Oliver: Kinofilme Aktuell II.
Die Borgia, ein Schauspiel Documentation sur Arthur de Gobineau] Break-up the German Reich! Documents sur Emil Ludwig 3 ressources dans data.
Documentation sur Emil Ludwig] Autour de Emil Ludwig ressources dans data. Raoul Aghion. William Ashley Anderson.
Henry Andraud Georges Baidoukov. Otton Barbar Henri Barbusse Claude Barjac Paul Barlatier Alfred Baudrillart Robert de Beauplan Georges Bergner.
Pierre Bernus Jean Bever. Raoul Blondel Bob caricaturiste de presse. Marc Boegner Gabriel Boissy Marcel Bonnissol.
Pierre Boral. Henry Bordeaux Janine Bouissounouse Pierre Bourdelet. Augustin Boutaric Jacques Boyer Marcel Brion Pierre Edouard Briquet Pierre Brossolette Pierre Carpigny Fernand Caussy Alberto Cecchi Pierre Ceresole Charles Cestre Pierre Chaigneau romancier.
Henry Cossira. Gabriel Courtial. Pierre-Antoine Cousteau Marie Curie Henri Danjou Albert De Gobart Paul Delanoue Pierre Denoyer Otto Dietrich Galandou Diouf Pierre Dominique Pierre-Paul Douhaire Georges Duhamel Henri Du Passage Marcel Dutret.
Marc Elven. Marcel Espiau Gabriel Faure Fidus journaliste, ? Paul Flavien. Maurice de Fleury Henry Fontanier Louis Fournel romancier.
Raymond Franklin. Stanislas Fumet Gallus Pierre Gaxotte Marcel Geibel. Frederick Charles Gibson Georges Goyau Louis Guilaine Robert Guyon journaliste.
Mauritz A. Hallgren Raymond Henry germaniste. Jean Hesse journaliste. Marcel Hoden Robert Hornung Seymour Houghton.
Georges Hourdin Jean Hytier Claude Jeantet Paul Jourdain Bertrand de Jouvenel Robert Kemp Karl Korsch Jacques de Lacretelle Marcel Laffon-Montels.
Marquis de La Londe. Louis Laloy Robert Lambel. Pierre Lamure. Maurice Laporte Les deux hommes se seraient battus. Le roi ne porte aucune plaie ni trace de coups, ce qui exclut l'assassinat.
Louis II serait donc mort de mort naturelle, lui qui songeait au suicide. Le roi fait partie de ces romantiques tardifs. Dollmann prend comme collaborateur Carl von Effner futur paysagiste des parcs de Linderhof et de Herrenchiemsee.
Georges-Guillaume de Hesse-Darmstadt Maria Louise de Leiningen-Dagsbourg-Falkenbourg Ernestine von Sachsen-Weimar Eisenach Charles II de Mecklembourg-Strelitz Auguste-Guillaume de Prusse , prince de Prusse Two years later, Bavaria and Austria fought a war against Prussia lasting only a matter of weeks, which they lost.
Though Bavaria retained a degree of autonomy on some matters within the new German Reich, Ludwig increasingly withdrew from day-to-day affairs of state in favour of extravagant artistic and architectural projects.
He commissioned the construction of two lavish palaces and Neuschwanstein Castle , and he was a devoted patron of the composer Richard Wagner.
Ludwig spent all his royal revenues although not state funds as is commonly thought on these projects, borrowed extensively, and defied all attempts by his ministers to restrain him.
This extravagance was used against him to declare him insane, an accusation that has since come under scrutiny.
His parents intended to name him Otto, but his grandfather insisted that his grandson be named after him, since their common birthday, 25 August, is the feast day of Saint Louis IX of France , patron saint of Bavaria with "Ludwig" being the German form of "Louis".
His younger brother, born three years later, was named Otto. Like many young heirs in an age when kings governed most of Europe, Ludwig was continually reminded of his royal status.
King Maximilian wanted to instruct both of his sons in the burdens of royal duty from an early age. Some point to these stresses of growing up in a royal family as the causes for much of his odd behavior as an adult.
Ludwig was not close to either of his parents. The King replied, "But what am I to say to him? After all, my son takes no interest in what other people tell him.
Ludwig's childhood years did have happy moments. He lived for much of the time at Castle Hohenschwangau , a fantasy castle his father had built near the Alpsee Alp Lake near Füssen.
It was decorated in the Gothic Revival style with many frescoes depicting heroic German sagas. The family also visited Lake Starnberg.
As an adolescent, Ludwig became close friends with his aide de camp , Prince Paul , a member of the wealthy Bavarian Thurn und Taxis family. The two young men rode together, read poetry aloud, and staged scenes from the Romantic operas of Richard Wagner.
The friendship ended when Paul became engaged in with a commoner. During his youth, Ludwig also initiated a lifelong friendship with his cousin Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria , later Empress of Austria.
Crown Prince Ludwig was in his 19th year when his father died after a three-day illness, and he ascended the Bavarian throne.
His real interests were in art, music, and architecture. One of the first acts of his reign, a few months after his accession, was to summon Wagner to his court.
Ludwig was notably eccentric in ways that made serving as Bavaria's head of state problematic. He disliked large public functions and avoided formal social events whenever possible, preferring a life of seclusion that he pursued with various creative projects.
He last inspected a military parade on 22 August and last gave a court banquet on 10 February These idiosyncrasies, combined with the fact that Ludwig avoided Munich and participating in the government there at all costs, caused considerable tension with the king's government ministers, but did not cost him popularity among the citizens of Bavaria.
The king enjoyed traveling in the Bavarian countryside and chatting with farmers and labourers he met along the way. He also delighted in rewarding those who were hospitable to him during his travels with lavish gifts.
He is still remembered in Bavaria as Unser Kini "our cherished king" in the Bavarian dialect. Unification with Prussia took center stage from In November , Bavaria joined the North German Confederation , thus losing its status as an independent kingdom.
Bavaria retained its own diplomatic corps and its own army , which would come under Prussian command only in times of war. In December , Bismarck used financial concessions to induce Ludwig with the support of the king's equerry Maximilian Count von Holnstein to write the so-called Kaiserbrief , a letter endorsing the creation of the German Empire with King Wilhelm I of Prussia as Emperor.
Nevertheless, Ludwig regretted Bavaria's loss of independence and refused to attend Wilhelm's 18 January proclamation as German Emperor in the Palace of Versailles.
The greatest stress of Ludwig's early reign was pressure to produce an heir. This issue came to the forefront in Ludwig became engaged to Duchess Sophie in Bavaria , his cousin and the youngest sister of his dear friend, Empress Elisabeth of Austria.
The engagement was announced on 22 January ; a few days earlier, Ludwig had written Sophie, "The main substance of our relationship has always been … Richard Wagner's remarkable and deeply moving destiny.
However, Ludwig repeatedly postponed the wedding date, and finally cancelled the engagement in October. Your cruel father has torn us apart.
Eternally yours, Heinrich. Ludwig never married nor had any known mistresses. It is known from his diary which began in the s , private letters, and other surviving personal documents that he had strong homosexual desires.
In intensely Catholic and socially conservative 19th-century Bavaria, the scandal of a homosexual monarch would have been intolerable. Throughout his reign, Ludwig had a succession of close friendships with men, including his chief equerry and master of the horse , Richard Hornig — ,  the Bavarian prince Paul von Thurn und Taxis ,  the Hungarian theater actor Josef Kainz , and his courtier Alfons Weber b.
Ludwig's original diaries from onward were lost during World War II , and all that remain today are copies of entries made during the plot to depose him.
Some earlier diaries have survived in the Geheimes Hausarchiv "secret archives" in Munich, and extracts starting in were published by Evers in After , Ludwig largely withdrew from politics, and devoted himself to his personal creative projects, most famously his castles, for which he personally approved every detail of the architecture, decoration, and furnishing.
Ludwig was intensely interested in the operas of Richard Wagner. This interest began when Ludwig first saw Lohengrin at the impressionable age of 15, followed by Tannhäuser ten months later.
Wagner's operas appealed to the king's fantasy-filled imagination. Wagner had a notorious reputation as a political radical and philanderer, and was constantly on the run from creditors.
Without Ludwig, Wagner's later operas are unlikely to have been composed, much less premiered at the prestigious Munich Royal Court Theatre now the Bavarian State Opera.
A year after meeting the King, Wagner presented his latest work, Tristan und Isolde , in Munich to great acclaim. However, the composer's perceived extravagant and scandalous behaviour in the capital was unsettling for the conservative people of Bavaria, and the King was forced to ask Wagner to leave the city six months later, in December Ludwig considered abdicating to follow Wagner, but Wagner persuaded him to stay.
Ludwig provided the Tribschen residence for Wagner in Switzerland. Wagner completed Die Meistersinger there; it was premiered in Munich in Wagner, however, was now planning his great personal opera house at Bayreuth.
Ludwig initially refused to support the grandiose project. However, when Wagner exhausted all other sources, he appealed to Ludwig , who loaned him , thalers to complete the work.
In , Ludwig attended the dress rehearsal and third public performance of the complete Ring Cycle at the Festspielhaus. Ludwig's interest in theater was by no means confined to Wagner.
In , he appointed Karl von Perfall as director of his new court theater. Ludwig wished to introduce Munich theater-goers to the best of European drama.
Between and , the King had private performances Separatvorstellungen given for himself alone or with a guest, in the two court theaters, comprising 44 operas 28 by Wagner, including eight of Parsifal , 11 ballets, and plays the principal theme being Bourbon France at a cost of 97, marks.
I want to look myself, not to be a spectacle for the masses. Ludwig used his personal fortune supplemented annually from by , marks from the Welfenfonds  to fund the construction of a series of elaborate castles.
In his letters, Ludwig marvelled at how the French had magnificently built up and glorified their culture e. His dream became to accomplish the same for Bavaria.
These projects provided employment for many hundreds of local laborers and artisans and brought a considerable flow of money to the relatively poor regions where his castles were built.
In , Ludwig commissioned the first drawings for his buildings, starting with Neuschwanstein and Herrenchiemsee , though work on the latter did not commence until Schloss Neuschwanstein "New Swanstone Castle" is a dramatic Romanesque fortress with soaring fairy-tale towers.
Hohenschwangau was a medieval knights' castle that his parents had purchased. Ludwig reputedly had seen the location and conceived of building a castle there while still a boy.
In , Ludwig oversaw the laying of the cornerstone for Schloss Neuschwanstein on a breathtaking mountaintop site. The walls of Neuschwanstein are decorated with frescoes depicting scenes from the legends used in Wagner's operas, including Tannhäuser, Tristan und Isolde, Lohengrin, Parsifal, and the somewhat less than mystic Die Meistersinger.
In , construction was completed on Ludwig's Schloss Linderhof , an ornate palace in neo-French Rococo style, with handsome formal gardens.
The grounds contained a Venus grotto lit by electricity, where Ludwig was rowed in a boat shaped like a shell. After seeing the Bayreuth performances, Ludwig built Hundinghütte "Hunding's Hut", based on the stage set of the first act of Wagner's Die Walküre in the forest near Linderhof, complete with an artificial tree and a sword embedded in it.
In Die Walküre , Siegmund pulls the sword from the tree. Hunding's Hut was destroyed in , but a replica was constructed at Linderhof in In , Ludwig had Einsiedlei des Gurnemanz a small hermitage, as seen in the third act of Parsifal erected near Hunding's Hut, with a meadow of spring flowers.
The king would retire to read. A replica made in can now be seen in the park at Linderhof. Nearby a Moroccan House, purchased at the Paris World Fair in , was erected alongside the mountain road.
Sold in and taken to Oberammergau, it was purchased by the government in and re-erected in the park at Linderhof after extensive restoration.
From Linderhof, Ludwig enjoyed moonlit sleigh rides in an elaborate 18th-century sleigh, complete with footmen in 18th-century livery. In , construction began on Herrenchiemsee , a partial replica of the palace at Versailles, sited on the Herreninsel in the Chiemsee.
Only the central portion of the palace was built; all construction halted on Ludwig's death. The following year, Ludwig finished the construction of the royal apartment in the Residenz Palace in Munich, to which he had added an opulent conservatory or winter garden on the palace roof.
It was started in as quite a small structure, but after extensions in and , the dimensions reached It featured an ornamental lake complete with skiff, a painted panorama of the Himalayas as a backdrop, an Indian fisher-hut of bamboo, a Moorish kiosk, and an exotic tent.
The roof was a technically advanced metal and glass construction. The winter garden was closed in June , partly dismantled the following year, and demolished in He planned the construction of a new castle on Falkenstein "Falcon Rock" near Pfronten in the Allgäu a place he knew well: a diary entry for 16 October reads "Falkenstein wild, romantic".
Ludwig also proposed a Byzantine palace in the Graswangtal, and a Chinese summer palace by the Plansee in Tyrol. These projects never got beyond initial plans.
For Berg Castle , Ludwig had a fifth tower constructed for it called "Isolde" and used the castle frequently as his summer residence.
When Empress Maria Alexandrovna of Russia visited Berg in , he had the castle magnificently decorated for the duration of her stay there; the castle otherwise, by his standards, was modestly furnished.
Although the king had paid for his pet projects out of his own funds and not the state coffers, that did not necessarily spare Bavaria from financial fallout.
He demanded that loans be sought from all of Europe's royalty, and remained aloof from matters of state.Ludwig I. Jahrhunderts galt Ludwig II. In dem Schloss Empire Season 3 Ludwig frühzeitig mit der Sagenwelt des Ngannou in Berührung, die dort in zahlreichen Wandgemälden und -behängen dargestellt ist. Ludwig lies das Gebäude ab für seine Aufenthalte in den Bergen im Karwendel erbauen. Kulturpauschalen Attraktive Urlaubsangebote!